Epilepsy is a medical condition in which your brain doesn’t function properly, and you end up having seizures. The seizures are always recurring. This is very dangerous as it can lead to brain or head injury and other related complications. Epilepsy can also be genetic if there is no apparent cause for epilepsy; it is considered that it might be a genetic cause.
However, the relationship between genes and epilepsy is not very obvious, and no tests are yet discovered to solve this problem, so for this now, this relationship is termed as complicated.
Causes of Epilepsy
Causes of epilepsy varies from person to person, and genetic epilepsy is one of the causes of epilepsy as well. Other causes of epilepsy are:
Change of brain structure is one of the vital causes of epilepsy
three out of ten people are suffering from this cause, and resultantly they get electrical storms of recurring seizures.
- This can be a problem by birth as well. Some children are born with an injury on the part of the brain that can cause seizures repeatedly.
- Autism spectrum disorder is also considered as one of the causes. It is a development disorder group.
- Brain infections can certainly cause epilepsy. For earlier stage treatments, medicines are effective to an instant, but they end up leaving scars which later on start to cause seizures and damage the brain furthermore.
Epilepsy caused by age
Epilepsy is caused due to varying reasons and varying ages.
In newborns, epilepsy is caused due to lack of oxygen during birth and inborn errors of metabolism. Both of these lead to epilepsy, and their brain starts to malfunction. Apart from brain functioning errors, the missing of some essential elements from a human body might also lead to epilepsy. This can be low levels of blood magnesium, blood sugar, and blood calcium. If the mother has been using some effective drugs during the pregnancy period, it will directly affect the body of the carried child, and he might be a patient of epilepsy then.
In children, epilepsy is caused if their fever turns out to exceed at dangerous levels and it leads to seizures. Rare chances are of head injury epilepsy.
In adults, genetic factors might be a cause of it. Rare chances are of any brain disease or head trauma.
In senior citizens, any stroke or trauma can directly lead to epilepsy.
Steps to deal with epilepsy
The question arises that what can be the possible steps to deal with epilepsy? Following steps can be taken to deal with epilepsy.
- One must learn to recognize all the symptoms or signs that occur during the seizure. In most cases, one loses consciousness or has strong strokes. Apart from these symptoms, leg and arms jerks occur. A person can go blind gazed as a result of a seizure.
- Once a person has been affected by a seizure, in future he must take care of a very effective responsive plan towards it. One should carry along the necessary forms and fill them out. It should contain all the important contacts and names of your doctors. It should also enlist some checklist items for how long a person can stay with you in that specific condition.
- For a person undergoing a seizure, first aid should be instantly provided to him. It is done to make sure that the person doesn’t get any injury in that condition and he remains safe. The person should be provided comfort, and one should stay calm.
- The person suffering from seizure should be protected well enough from any possible accident. Since the body movements are out of control and there are quite possible chances of a person falling or collapsing to the ground. So the person should be held and taken care of, to avoid any wound.
- If required, emergency services should be called immediately, and the person should be transmitted to the hospital, and he will be taken well care of.